For Educational Purposes




An Ongoing Visual Ethnography Of People In Urban Public Spaces In The Caucasus During The Pandemic Times   


Everyday Lives and Re-Production of Urban Space in Pandemic Times


Tamar Kutateladze   Tbilisi Metro – Delisi – Saburtalo Line

Territorial Trap

“(T)he territorial trap entailed three uninterrogated geographical assumptions:
(i) that the state commands sovereignty over its entire territorial jurisdiction, including the economic processes that unfold ‘‘within’’ it;
(ii) that political-economic life is neatly separated into ‘‘domestic’’ and ‘‘foreign’’ (or ‘‘international’’) realms; and
(iii) that the state ‘‘contains’’ economy and society (or that economy and society are defined by state boundaries).”
Agnew, John. (1994)
The Territorial Trap: The Geographical Assumptions of International Relations Theory. Review of International Political Economy 1(1): 53–80.

“(T)erritory as a precondition, medium, mechanism, and outcome of modern state power.”
Neil Brenner and Stuart Elden, Henri Lefebvre on State, Space, Territory




Vertical–Public–Spaces and Virtual-Public-Spheres

Apartment Windows as Vertical Public Spaces 

Local/Global Public Performances in Vertical Public Spaces During Pandemic Times

In these liminal pandemic times, in many places, windows and small balconies of apartments have become vertical public spaces – “commons” of communication that include public performances like singing, playing instruments, clapping for medical workers. Apartment windows and balconies, of course, were used as platforms for local communication before, but they became very prominent with the pandemic’s emergence, people becoming more confined to their apartment, and use of social media.

And, then, these local public space performances are shared across the global public sphere on different social media platforms. But, materialities and usage of social media are also integral to local communication at the starting point, like materialities and usage of vertical public spaces.


Public Performances in Vertical and Horizontal Public Spaces During Pandemic Times in Tbilisi



Posted by ჩემი ქალაქი – Tbilisi on Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Of course, those who participate are those who live (or can afford to live) in these apartment complexes and use social media platforms to connect.



Comparative–Vertical–Public Spaces–Pandemic


Poetry fills Tehran streets as Iranians adapt Nowruz rituals to Corona restrictions



Theoretical Framework
The main theoretical framework for this study is im/mobilities, particularly im/mobilities associated with global capitalism in urban spaces.

I am using mainly online visual data provided by journalists and others who are posting on social media platforms.


Pandemic Im/Mobilities






Below, I have posted images and accompanying texts with the title of Mary Douglass’s book Purity and Danger in Mind. The images include those related to hygiene-related spraying by the state and those related to acts of purity performed by the church.

Pandemic Purity and Danger




Social Distancing: A Multispecies Perspective   Society for Cultural Anthropology


Pandemic Public-Space-Religion 


Pandemic Public-Space-Precarity




State Space as Territory


Judith Butler: “The virus alone does not discriminate, but we humans surely do, formed and animated as we are by the interlocking powers of nationalism, racism, xenophobia, and capitalism.  It seems likely that we will come to see in the next year a painful scenario in which some human creatures assert their rights to live at the expense of others, re-inscribing the spurious distinction between grievable and ungrievable lives, that is, those who should be protected against death at all costs and those whose lives are considered not worth safeguarding against illness and death.”







“The US State Department has announced that it will provide an initial $274 million in emergency health and humanitarian assistance to up to 64 of the most at-risk countries, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.

Armenia and Georgia will receive $1.1 million each while Azerbaijan will receive $1.7 million.

According to the State Department, the assistance ‘will prepare laboratory systems, activate case-finding and event-based surveillance, support technical experts for response and preparedness, bolster risk communication, and more.’”

The US State Department has announced that it will provide an initial $274 million in emergency health and humanitarian…

Posted by OC Media on Saturday, March 28, 2020







Tourism Im/mobilities

“The modes of consumerism which exploded after 2007–8 have crashed with devastating consequences. These modes were based on reducing the turnover time of consumption as close as possible to zero. The flood of investments into such forms of consumerism had everything to do with maximum absorption of exponentially increasing volumes of capital in forms of consumerism that had the shortest possible turnover time. International tourism was emblematic. International visits increased from 800 million to 1.4 billion between 2010 and 2018. This form of instantaneous consumerism required massive infrastructural investments in airports and airlines, hotels and restaurants, theme parks and cultural events, etc. This site of capital accumulation is now dead in the water: airlines are close to bankruptcy, hotels are empty, and mass unemployment in the hospitality industries is imminent. Eating out is not a good idea and restaurants and bars have been closed in many places.”
Anti-Capitalist Politics in the Time of COVID-19  BY DAVID HARVEY



Tbilisi – Central Tourist Area

სიცოცხლით სავსე ქალაქი / The city full of life


Virtual Personal Tour in a Lada


Posted by Nina Yorke on Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Tbilisi – Underground Passage for Pedestrians by the Freedom Square

Posted by Nina Yorke on Wednesday, March 25, 2020


Posted by Nina Yorke on Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Leselidze street, regularly a major area for tourists leading to the Old Town tourist attraction


Posted by Shalika Studio on Thursday, March 26, 2020






We Won’t Go Back to Normal, Because Normal Was the Problem: The Thirteenth Newsletter (2020)

Economic Impacts  of Pandemic Im/Mobilities




The Male Youth of the Block/Neighborhood/Street

Evgenia Zakharova    Black Matsoni: The Pragmatics of the Tbilisi Street Code



In Rustavi, close to Tbilisi

ბირჟა (ასე ეწერა ავტორს) ბოდიშის მოხდით, ფოტო რუსთავშია გადაღებული და როგორც ჩანს, ისეთივე ავტორისგან ვნახე ქუთაისი, როგორიც მე ვარ. ფოტო რეალურად ეკუთვნის @ანუკი ჭიჭინაძეს. 🙈🙈🙈

Posted by Eka Silagadze on Monday, March 23, 2020






Coronavirus in the Caucasus: facts and figures by region. 19 March, 2020


Coronavirus live updates | Georgian Church announces common spoon communion ‘will not change’

COVID-19 Georgia Live Blog: 51st Patient Recovers





When Everyone Stays Home: Empty Public Spaces During Coronavirus
“In cities and regions hard-hit by the coronavirus crisis, quarantine measures and self-isolation efforts have left many public spaces deserted. Classrooms, plazas, malls, sports venues, cafes, houses of worship, and tourist destinations appear eerily empty as people stay home, cancel plans, and await further news.”  The Atlantic – Alan Taylor